Its name is due to the topography of the neighborhood, being the highest zone in relation to the Center of Lima. Since the founding of Lima, this neighborhood has housed a small population of Spaniards, artisans, mestizos, zambos, mulatos and Indians. Later it became an area where the Lima nobility built their houses. Little by little the Italians, Chinese and Japanese began to arrive with their traditions, the fusion of cultures began, manifested in the quintas, plazas, bakeries, chifas, theaters and alleys of Barrios Altos.
At the end of the 19th century, Creole music emerged with its top representatives such as the historic duo Montes y Manrique, Felipe Pinglo, Pablo Casas, Laureano Martínez, Pedro Espinel, Yolanda Vigil, Nicomedes Santa Cruz, Ernesto Soto, Alberto Condemarín and many others . Thus, on October 18, 1944, former President Manuel Prado declared in the square of Buenos Aires the "Day of the Creole Song". Barrios Altos is considered as the "Cradle of Criollarism"