For over a thousand years, Pachacamac was the main sanctuary in the central coast. Their temples were visited by crowds of pilgrims on the occasion of the great Andean rituals in large part to a successful oracle believed to be able to predict the future and control the movements of the earth.
The word Pachacamac means "soul of the earth, which animates the world." Ancient Peruvians believed that a single head movement could cause earthquakes. One could not look directly into the eyes, and even his priests entered the enclosure backwards. The cult of Pachacamac was the center of all coastal religion.
The Pachacamac Archeological Sanctuary occupies an area of 465.32 hectares, with a perimeter of 12,925.41 linear meters, and is managed by the Ministry of Culture. It has a museum and cabinets for analysis, recording and storage of material.